A fire hazard is any source of flames that can spark an uncontrolled large scale fire outbreak. Such sources include flammable chemicals, electrical devices, unattended fires in camping fields and kitchen. It also includes any flammable material that can easily catch fire and propagate to nearby objects thus endangering property and life.
Fire hazards are everywhere, these are the fire incident statistics over the years. It is therefore important avoid the disaster by observing laid out safety precautions. It is estimated that firefighters responds to fire alert every 5 seconds globally. Fire related disasters kill 1 person every 8 minutes worldwide.
Fire Hazards at Home
Home environment has the most potential fire hazards.
Open Household Wiring.
Such wires include those conveying electricity, and telephone. Improperly placed wires can cause fires through short circuiting. The electrician should be hired if open wires are discovered.
Electrical appliances such as oven, toasters, and heaters left unattended for a long time can cause fire outbreaks. A hot iron box negligently left in contact with clothes or wooden surface can lead to fire outbreak.
It’s the unlikeliest source of fires. However, glassy materials have magnifying effect when left in the sunlight’s path. The magnified solar rays’ burns up wood, plastic and other flammable surfaces ignited fires.
Hot oils used in frying food often catch fire when they are close enough with cooking fire. They propagate the flames to other surfaces in the kitchen where it spreads eventually burning a lot of property and even the entire house.
Candles, Cooking Fire, Kerosene Lamps
They pose a major fire hazard because of the open flames. If they accidentally come in contact with other flammable material, they ignite a fire outbreak.
Leaving a burning unattended cigarette near flammable material often causes fires. Also recklessly disposed buds can fall on paper, fuels, sawdust and other dry flammable material thus causing widespread fires.
Outdoor activities such as barbequing can leave fire unattended outside after functions such as party. If such fire sources gets out of hand and comes in contact with dry vegetation and paper can lead to enormous fires owing to the large amount of oxygen. These fires can spread over a large region, sometimes the entire neighborhood destroying property.
Fuels used at home such as gas, wood, kerosene and coal possesses a fire hazard. When they come in contact with flames, they magnify the fire igniting other flammable surfaces.
Fire Hazards at the Workplace/Office
Faulty Office Equipment.
Devices used in the office such as heating machinery can cause fires if faulty are used improperly. Faulty devices should be replaced promptly.
Includes such sources as naked wires, faulty sockets and overloaded plugs. Electricity sparks are often produced which may land on paper causing fires.
Short circuiting and spilling liquids on devices often cause fires. It is one of the frequent sources of fires in offices.
Flammable liquids such as adhesives and paints are highly flammable and can cause if they are close sources of fire.
Faulty Fire Alarms.
Fire alarm systems that are not working makes fire spread undetected until it reaches devastating level.
Production processes that involve burning and heating as well as friction in mechanical parts can be sources of fires.
Fire extinguishers and detectors should be kept in functional form. Faulty detectors should be repaired.
The location of fire extinguishers should be conspicuous.
Homes and offices spaces should be designed in such a way that it’s easy for emergency evacuation. And fire extinguisher should always be serviced regularly, passing regulatory checks.
Instructions concerning testing equipment and emergency evacuation should be communicated to the employees.
All flammable materials should be stored carefully away from potential fire sources.
Buildings should be fitted with fire hydrants to mitigate fires.
Both households and office spaces should be well organized.